How To Correctly Use PRISMA While Writing Your Systematic Literature Review

Systematic Literature Review


The research studies are of different types. A systemic literature review is a type of review for researches. The review collects information of previous researchers on the basis of some parameters. It uses PRISMA as a tool for the evaluation of articles. PRISMA is short for Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis.

This is a 24 points checklist to evaluate the characters of an aspect within the review. PRISMA analyses every part of the research. This includes the introduction, method, results, title, and conclusion. It helps in improving the aspect of reporting for the findings of different articles. This system covers both systematic, and meta-analysis research reviews. Most of the social sciences and nursing reviews use PRISMA method in the reviews. It is one of the most important methods in systematic analysis. When you publish an article in the higher ranked journals, they ask you about PRISMA.

  • The year of publication.
  • Types of researchers selected in the review. It means the review articles for research articles.
  • The database used for research.
  • Title of the research.
  • The parameters of research within the title.
  • Inclusion and exclusion criteria of the research. This criterion describes why specific articles are being selected.

Provide clear, and latest information of the researches.
Given below is the correct way to use PRISMA by following this checklist.

Introductory Part

Here you will be mentioning title of the research. It should be that of systematic analysis.


According to the dissertation help firm, the abstract of systematic analysis has a different word count. This depends on the journal of choice. You can change it according to the journal’s requirements.

Introduction To The Topic

The introduction of PRISMA application has its own objectives, and rationale. You must address the research rationale. Especially the one used for selection of the articles.


The method part of PRISMA is its most complex. As here you describe both inclusion, and exclusion criteria of the research articles. You will be mentioning the following points in an order;

The eligibility criteria: It depends on the author. It relates to whether he can set his eligibility criteria or not.

Information sources: The database, specific websites, organisations, and journals used for selecting articles. You can also add any other source of information. You can also use information highlighted within the article’s selection.

Search Strategy: It will include filters, and limitations of the study. You can also mention any specific time duration used for the data collection of articles. The author can also choose a certain event as a standard of screening.

For example, you can also screen for articles on the basis of COVID-19. You can add more than one screening analysis aspect. This includes COVID-19 patients with heart diseases as an example. It will give a more precise criterion for article selection.

Selection Process: After filtration of articles, more processing will give you a shortlist in this aspect. It should also contain information of the group, or individual participation. As PRISMA systematic analysis is most often screened through a group. This part should also mention the tools used for article selection.

Data Collection: This part will give information on type of articles that are being selected in the review. The author is free to choose any type of research. Usually research articles of the latest publications are preferred. The process of data collection is also added here. You can use database search, individual screening, and group screening aspects. The automated tools used in process of data collection are also added here. For example, you can also use university database for research the articles.

Data Items:

This part defines outcomes of the research. This part defines outcomes of the research. It highlights whether results were compatible with the research question or not. It identifies the question of which study has best research outcomes. It also contains the information of participants, or sample size of the articles. Identify the assumptions made about research outcomes. You can say that data collection process of articles is like this part. You write the tools, processes, and methods used for data collection.

Study Risks And Biasness: Here you will identify biasness, and limitations of articles. Risk factors of the study that affected outcomes are also here. Describe the method that is being used to identify the risk, and biasness of criteria.

Synthesis Method: Collected data, and identified screening criteria are parts of this aspect. This is because they help synthesise a proper method. The CEO of cheap dissertation writing service said that synthesise the information of above steps in tabular form to give a complete view. Use indicators of the study that are common among all the studies. This will act as a standard for comparison. Find the difference, as well as best method, or practice. Researches giving best results might have the best data collection, and evaluation criteria. Use the interventions, methods, and rationale of each study. Describing this information in tabular form will give an analysis of the findings.


This part contains the results, and interventions based analysis. Synthesis of results can even be in the form of cited texts. You can use cross-references of the tables to explain each article, and its biasness in a separate paragraph.


Discussion of systematic analysis is like any other research article. It provides limitations of the method and studies selected in the analysis. It provides general interpretations of the findings regarding results. It discusses implications of the findings and interpretations. You should address the possible policies and theoretical use of interpretations as well.


PRISMA is a method of evaluation regarding an article’s information. It identifies the important information, and summarises the findings. A systematic review and meta-analysis both can use PRISMA as a tool. It uses 24 points of evaluation for the article. The right criteria for using PRISMA is to follow the 24 points based evaluation. The steps include rational, abstract, introduction, method, results, and discussion. The PRISMA method uses screening criteria by individual, or group processing aspects. This is for the article's selection. These parts are being divided into subsections to provide detailed information. PRISMA helps interpret the findings of tabular analysis into general statements as well. It gives an analysis of what research is being performed. It also analyses the best findings criteria.

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